Chemistry Journal of Moldova

Physical chemistry and chemical physics

Author(s):

Anna Nazar, Tatyana Rakitskaya, Tatyana Kiose


Field: Physical chemistry and chemical physics
Type: Research paper
Issue: 2022 Volume 17, no.1
Pages: 47-55
Keywords: phlogopite, acid treatment, carbon monoxide, low temperature oxidation, Wacker-type catalyst.
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Abstract (PDF)
Graphical Abstract: The paper presents original results on the of nitric acid concentrations effect on structure, morphology, protolytic properties and the activity of low-temperature carbon monoxide oxidation catalysts based on acid-modified phlogopite (Н-Phl-1) and K2PdCl4, Cu(NO3)2, KBr base components. The obtained samples were characterized by XRD, SEM, FT-IR spectroscopy and pH metric method. The obtained catalyst Pd(II)-Cu(II)/8H-Phl-1 can be recommended for use in respiratory devices. 




Downloads: 100

Author(s):

Tatyana Rakitskaya, Alla Truba, Ganna Dzhyga


Field: Physical chemistry and chemical physics
Type: Research paper
Issue: 2022 Volume 17, no.1
Pages: 37-46
Keywords: ozone, complex, catalytic activity, halide ion, natural bentonite.
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Abstract (PDF)
Graphical Abstract: The effect of halide ions (X= Cl, Br, I−) on the kinetics of ozone decomposition by compositions supported on the natural bentonite of the Dashukovske deposit in Ukraine (N-Bent(D)) has been studied. The obtained results have shown that the activity of the KX/N-Bent(D) composition in the ozone decomposition reaction increases in the row KCl << KBr < KI, which correlates with an increase in their reducing properties (the redox potential of the Х2/2Х pair decreases). Such catalyst compositions can be recommended for applying in personal protective equipment for the respiratory system.


 


Downloads: 46

Author(s):

Alma Ryskaliyeva, Murat Baltabayev, Yerassyl Mukhamediyar, Rabiga Iskendirova


Field: Physical chemistry and chemical physics
Type: Research paper
Issue: 2022 Volume 17, no.1
Pages: 31-36
Keywords: mineral, dissolution, kinetics, thermodynamics, reactivity.
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Abstract (PDF)
Graphical Abstract: On the basis of a new model of chemical dissolution, an analysis of the kinetic parameters obtained using the modified V.V. Dolivo-Dobrovolsky equation was carried out. It shows that the change in parameters during the transition from one mineral to another is subject to a compensation effect. Additionally, calculations based on the new dissolution model made it possible to distinguish between the systemic and individual properties of minerals of the same nature in the process of dissolution. These minerals differ from each other by the concentration of ac tive surface complexes, and are combined into a system by a single transmission coefficient and the same value of the lifetime of the active complex.
  


Downloads: 59

Author(s):

Mikhail Gorbachev, Natalia Gorinchoy, Iolanta Balan


Field: Physical chemistry and chemical physics
Type: Research paper
Issue: 2022 Volume 17, no.1
Pages: 24-30
Keywords: antioxidant activity, radical cation ABTS•+, food acid, charge transfer complex, DFT calculation.
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Abstract (PDF)
Graphical Abstract: The detailed mechanism of the interaction of the radical cation ABTS•+ with a number of food acids (gallic, ferulic, caffeic, vanillic, cinnamic, syringic, p-coumaric) is revealed by means of the DFT calculations. It is shown that the interaction between the neutral molecules of the studied food acids and ABTS•+ does not lead to any charge transfer from these molecules onto ABTS•+. The almost complete conversion of the ABTS radical cation into its diamagnetic derivative occurs due to the interaction of one of the sulphonic groups of ABTS•+ with the acid anions through the formation of the corresponding intermolecular hydrogen bond.




Downloads: 78

Author(s):

Thamer Adnan Abdullah, Tatjana Juzsakova, Rashed Taleb Rasheed, Ali Dawood Salman, Mohammademad Adelikhah, Le Phuoc Cuong, Igor Cretescu


Field: Physical chemistry and chemical physics
Type: Research paper
Issue: 2021 Volume 16, no.2
Pages: 102-111
Keywords: hydrothermal method, annealed vanadium pentoxide, methylene blue adsorption, nanoparticle.
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Abstract (PDF)
Graphical Abstract:
This paper deals with V2O5 nanoparticles adsorbents which were obtained by thermal pretreatment carried out by increasing the temperature between 90 and 750°C. In order to obtain more detailed information on the surface chemistry of the newly prepared nanoparticles, the characterisation was done by X-ray diffraction and scanning electron microscopy, Fourier Transform infrared spectroscopy and thermogravimetric investigation technique. The prepared nanoparticles were tested for methylene blue (MB) removal from modelled water solutions. The obtained results indicated that increased MB removal efficiency (93%) and adsorption capacity (27 mg/g) after 40 minutes of adsorption were obtained for V2O5 annealed at 500°C.  The applicability and suitability of the two kinetic models were tested and the removal mechanism was proposed.
 


 


Downloads: 94

Author(s):

Tatyana Rakitskaya, Tatyana Kiose, Lyudmila Raskola


Field: Physical chemistry and chemical physics
Type: Research paper
Issue: 2021 Volume 16, no.2
Pages: 91-101
Keywords: sulphur dioxide, synthetic zeolite, oxidation, chemisorption-catalytic process, transition metal.
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Abstract (PDF)
Graphical Abstract:
The effect of the nature and concentration of d-metal salts attached to synthetic zeolites NaA and KA on the kinetic and stoichiometric parameters of the chemisorption-catalytic oxidation of sulphur dioxide with air oxygen at ambient temperature was studied. It was found that the adsorption capacity of NaA zeolite relative to SO2 is 100 times higher than that of KA zeolite; the time of protective action of NaA and KA zeolites increases upon modification with transition metal salts and with an increase of their content in the compositions. It was shown that the formation of inner and outer sphere complexes and the relationship between them is determined by the nature and concentration of metal ions and by the nature of the carrier. It was proven that the chemisorption-catalytic process ends with the oxidation of SO2 to H2SO4.


 


Downloads: 69

Author(s):

Natalia Gorinchoy, Iolanta Balan, Victor Polinger, Isaak Bersuker


Field: Physical chemistry and chemical physics
Type: Research paper
Issue: 2021 Volume 16, no.1
Pages: 115-120
Keywords: proton transfer, hydrogen bond, pseudo Jahn–Teller effect, potential energy surface, bifluoride anion.
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Graphical Abstract: The results of ab initio calculations of the adiabatic potential energy surfaces for the proton-bound [FHF]- system at different F-F distances have been rationalized in the framework of the vibronic theory. It is shown that the instability of the symmetric D∞h structure at increased F∙∙∙F distances and the proton displacement to one of the fluorine atoms is due to the pseudo Jahn–Teller mixing of the ground 1Σg electronic state with the lowest excited state of 1Σu symmetry through the asymmetric σu vibrational mode.


 



Downloads: 92

Author(s):

Igor Povar


Field: Physical chemistry and chemical physics
Type: Invited paper
Issue: 2020 Volume 15, no.2
Pages: 7-28
Keywords: response reaction, chemical thermodynamics, kinetics, heterogeneous catalysis, stoichiometry.
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Graphical Abstract: The main scientific achievements of great significance accomplished by Professor Ilie Fishtik at the University of Iowa and the Worcester Polytechnic Institute, in several fields of the physical chemistry as chemical thermodynamics, kinetics and heterogeneous catalysis were revealed and briefly analysed. Fundamental equations of chemical thermodynamics within the De Donder (stoichiometric) approach were reformulated in terms of a special class of chemical reactions, called as response reactions. Using this approach, the unusual behaviour of chemical equilibrium systems, to interpret the apparent contradictions to Le Chatelier principle and to discover hitherto unnoticed thermodynamic identities, was rationalised. The stabilities of chemical species were formulated in terms of a certain class of stoichiometrically unique chemical reactions and their thermochemical characteristics. A completely new approach for the generation and simplification of kinetic mechanisms for complex reaction systems was developed and applied. Based on a new type of reaction networks, referred to as reaction route graphs, a systematic method of analysis and reduction of a microkinetic mechanism was established and employed.



Downloads: 141

Author(s):

Olga Kazakova, Roman Ivannikov, Iryna Laguta, Oksana Stavinskaya, Viktor Anishchenko, Olga Severinovska, Ludmila Buyun


Field: Physical chemistry and chemical physics
Type: Research paper
Issue: 2020 Volume 15, no.1
Pages: 95-102
Keywords: orchid extract, phenolic compound, HPLC, fumed silica, quantum chemical calculation.
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Graphical Abstract: The most common phenolic components of sixteen orchid extracts were identified using high performance liquid chromatography and laser desorption/ionization mass spectrometry. The interaction between these compounds and silica silanol groups was studied using quantum chemical calculations. Results show that the strength of the interaction of phenols with silica increased in the following order: ferullic, feruloylquinic and fertaric acids <kaempferol, apingenin <<сhlorogenic and caffeic acids, rhamnetin, quercetin, luteolin, epicatechin gallate. The common feature of compounds characterized by the strongest interaction with silanol groups is the presence of phenol ring with two neighbouring hydroxyl groups.


 


Downloads: 149

Author(s):

Nur Nadira Hazani, Yusairie Mohd, Sheikh Ahmad Izaddin Sheikh Mohd Ghazali, Nur Nadia Dzulkifli


Field: Physical chemistry and chemical physics
Type: Research paper
Issue: 2019 Volume 14, no.1
Pages: 98-106
Keywords: 2-acetylpyridine, thiosemicarbazone, tin(IV) complex, mild steel, corrosion.
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Abstract (PDF)
Graphical Abstract: The inhibitive effects of 2-acetylpyridine 4-ethyl-3-thiosemicarbazone (HAcETSc) and dichlorophenyltin(IV) 2-acetylpyridine 4-ethyl-3-thiosemicarbazone (Sn(HAcETSc)PhenCl2) for mild steel in 1 M HCl solution at different concentrations were investigated using electrochemical measurements and scanning electron microscopy analysis. The result of electrochemical measurement found that the inhibition efficiency increased with inhibitors’ concentration. Moreover, it was shown that that Sn(HAcETSc)PhenCl2 had a better inhibitive effect than HAcETSc.








Downloads: 294