Chemistry Journal of Moldova

Ecological chemistry

Author(s):

Anna Ivanchenko, Dmytro Yelatontsev, Anatoliy Savenkov, Olena Nazarenko, Viktoria Kundirenko


Field: Ecological chemistry
Type: Research paper
Issue: 2022 Volume 17, no.1
Pages: 18-23
Keywords: hosphogypsum, ammonium nitrate, complex mineral fertilizer, wet conversion.
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Abstract (PDF)
Graphical Abstract: An environmentally friendly method for phosphogypsum processing into N,Ca,S,P-fertilizers is proposed. Thus, was obtained a complex liquid N,Ca,S,P-fertilizer with the content of nutrients (% wt.) N:Ca:S:P = 56:26:12:6 in the dry product, and 16.8:3.6:7.8:1.8 in the liquid phase. The obtained fertilizer increased the yield of radish by 7.16% compared to the control. The advantage of the proposed method is reducing the cost of the fertilizer, increasing its nutritional value, and obtaining useful products from the waste.


 


Downloads: 52

Author(s):

Serghei Travin


Field: Ecological chemistry
Type: Research paper
Issue: 2021 Volume 16, no.2
Pages: 46-51
Keywords: Monte-Carlo method, mass transfer, adsorption, spatial-time dynamics, computational efficiency.
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Graphical Abstract: The possibilities of application of the Monte-Carlo method for simulating the consequences of pollutants emissions with specific adsorption on the underlying surface were considered. Effective methods of obtaining kinetic curves for the concentration of a pollutant for a selected square on the field and constructing contamination profiles for a specified time are analysed. The estimation of the necessary parameters of the model for obtaining high-quality kinetic curves was performed and recommendations for their optimization are given. Specific fronts for the spot propagation were obtained and visualised.


 


Downloads: 79

Author(s):

Gheorghe Duca


Field: Ecological chemistry
Type: Review
Issue: 2021 Volume 16, no.2
Pages: 28-45
Keywords: hydrogen peroxide, redox process, catalysis, transition valence metal ion, intermediate specie.
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Graphical Abstract: This review paper is focused on the detailed consideration of the structure, properties and reactions of H2O2. The paper highlights the importance of revealing these processes’ mechanisms, since they have been insufficiently studied so far, or the related data have a fragmentary and incomplete character. A special attention is given to catalytic oxidation reactions, formation and properties of intermediates, their role in the natural environment. 


 


Downloads: 66

Author(s):

Sergey Mikhalovsky, Oleksandr Voytko, Violetta Demchenko, Pavlo Demchenko


Field: Ecological chemistry
Type: Invited paper
Issue: 2021 Volume 16, no.2
Pages: 9-27
Keywords: heavy metal, enterosorbent, radioactivity, chronic exposure.
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Abstract (PDF)
Graphical Abstract:
Enterosorption is a cost-effective and efficient approach to reducing the impact of chronic exposure to heavy metals and radionuclides. As an auxiliary method to medical treatment, it can protect population chronically exposed to the intake of heavy metals or radioactivity due to industrial activities or in the aftermath of technogenic or natural accidents. This paper assesses the current state of the art in the treatment of acute and chronic heavy metal poisoning.


 


Downloads: 49

Author(s):

Mariia Galaburda, Viktor Bogatyrov, Dariusz Sternik, Olena Oranska, Mykola Borysenko, Ivan Škorvánek, Ewa Skware, Anna Deryło-Marczewska, Volodymyr Gun’ko


Field: Ecological chemistry
Type: Research paper
Issue: 2021 Volume 16, no.1
Pages: 68-78
Keywords: sawdust, activated carbon, carbon-metal composite, magneto-sensitive sorbent.
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Graphical Abstract: The conversion of metal-modified (Fe, Co) sawdust into magneto-sensitive porous composites using thermal carbonization process in an inert atmosphere was successfully achieved. The as-prepared samples were characterized using nitrogen adsorption, X-ray diffraction, scanning electron microscopy and thermal analysis methods. The obtained results show that the structural and morphological characteristics of the obtained composites depend strongly on the metal precursor’s types. All samples exhibited a good magnetic property and can be easily separated from liquids by an external magnet.


 

Downloads: 82

Author(s):

Gunel Mamedova, Gunel Nasirli


Field: Ecological chemistry
Type: Research paper
Issue: 2021 Volume 16, no.1
Pages: 60-67
Keywords: analcime, hydrothermal synthesis, natural mineral, zeolite, crystallization.
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Abstract (PDF)
Graphical Abstract: This study presents an investigation of the use of the natural mineral of Nakhchivan Autonomous Republic to produce analcime zeolite of potential practical importance. The influence of temperature and crystallization time, the concentration of alkaline solution and mineralizer on the process of synthesis of analcime has been evaluated. The optimal conditions established for the synthesis of pure analcime with a 100% degree of crystallinity are as follows: temperature of 180°C, alkaline and mineralizer solution of 10-15% KOH and 5-10% KCl and processing time of 50 hours. It has been shown that the presence of the KCl mineralizer promotes the production of pure analcime with a 100% crystallinity, and the natural mineral of Nakhchivan represents a good source for the synthesis process.


 


Downloads: 357

Author(s):

Angela Lis, Viorica Gladchi, Gheorghe Duca, Sergey Travin


Field: Ecological chemistry
Type: Research paper
Issue: 2021 Volume 16, no.1
Pages: 46-59
Keywords: photochemical transformation, thioglycolic acid, humic substance, kinetic parameter, natural water.
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Abstract (PDF)
Graphical Abstract: The photochemical transformations of thioglycolic acid using model systems was studied by varying the irradiation sources and the kinetic parameters were determined. It was found that thioglycolic acid undergoes destruction on induced photolysis in the presence of humic substances, and its half-life can be estimated as 10-14 days, depending on weather conditions (cloudiness, time of day, season etc.). Results obtained in the course of this study on model systems were transferred to natural waters, and it was concluded that thioglycolic acid has a positive influence on the chemical self-purification processes of water, in the natural aquatic environment. This is manifested by increasing the self-purification capacity of water, due to the generation of active oxygen species, which lead to the degradation not only of this thiol, but of other pollutants present in aquatic environment, as well. At the same time, the products of the transformations are harmless to the aquatic environment and hydrobionts.


 



Downloads: 95

Author(s):

Vitālijs Lazarenko, Zenta Balcerbule, Vita Rudoviča, Arturs Vīksna


Field: Ecological chemistry
Type: Research paper
Issue: 2020 Volume 15, no.2
Pages: 38-44
Keywords: phosphorus, nitrogen, sulphur, lichen, soil.
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Abstract (PDF)
Graphical Abstract: The aim of this research work was to evaluate the pollution level of phosphorus, sulphur and nitrogen in the former manufacturing areas (the former Kuprava drainage pipe factory and landfill site) and compare it with the Sita forest area levels using lichens as bioindicators. Additionally, the correlation between the content of these elements in lichens and soil was examined. The research results show that in the former drainage pipe factory area and landfill site, the levels of phosphorus, sulphur and nitrogen content were elevated in comparison with Sita forest. In the case of phosphorus and nitrogen contents, a positive correlation was observed between soil and lichen samples. 


 


Downloads: 101

Author(s):

Stefano Ubaldini, Igor Povar, Tudor Lupascu, Oxana Spinu, Francesca Trapasso, Daniele Passeri, Serena Carloni, Daniela Guglietta


Field: Ecological chemistry
Type: Research paper
Issue: 2020 Volume 15, no.2
Pages: 29-37
Keywords: mining waste, gold, thiosulphate leaching, activated carbon, adsorption, desorption.
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Graphical Abstract: The application of a new hydrometallurgical process for gold extraction by thiosulphate leaching from Romanian mining wastes, coming from Balan and Deva deposits, was studied. There was obtained 85% of Au extraction after leaching; moreover, an integrated flow-sheet, including recycling of process solution and carbon, was outlined, based on results obtained at a laboratory scale, using a schematic chemical circuit of treatment. Global recovery of the process (leaching-adsorption-desorption-electrodeposition) of about 75-80% of Au was achieved. The developed integrated flow-sheet, allows to recycle the reagents during the process, with a loss of only 5-10%, in particular thiosulphate and alcohol, for each complete circuit of treatment.


 


Downloads: 71

Author(s):

Elena Culighin


Field: Ecological chemistry
Type: Research paper
Issue: 2020 Volume 15, no.1
Pages: 41-50
Keywords: pesticide, hexachlorocyclohexane, dichlorodiphenyltrichloroethane, soil, Republic of Moldova.
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Abstract (PDF)
Graphical Abstract: The level, composition, and distribution of hexachlorocyclohexane (HCH) and dichlorodiphenyltrichloroethane (DDT) residues were determined by GC-ECD technique in soil samples from the Soroca district, Republic of Moldova. The concentrations of DDTs and HCHs were up to 1100 and 640 mg/kg, respectively. The high concentration and the degradation rates of the pesticides in soil suggest that the contaminated sites are acting as continuous sources of pollution for the environment. Thus, remediation measures are required to reduce the level of the contaminants in soil.


 


Downloads: 324